PLAINS MINNOW

KANSAS: Threatened
FEDERAL: N/A
Scientific Name: Hybognathus placitus
CATEGORY: T&E
SPECIES CLASS: Fishes
Date Listed: SINC 1987; T 2003
Recovery Plan: No

SPECIES DESCRIPTION

The Plains Minnow was once considered one of the most common bait fishes due to its size and abundance. The species is now scarce where it was the most predominant fish in the 1950's. The Plains Minnow is a minor component of the fish assemblage in the Republican, Smoky Hill and Arkansas rivers where it was once abundant. It remains a significant portion of the fish fauna in the Cimarron River. This species needs sufficient water flow and flow rates with high and low extremes in order to complete its life cycle. The Plains minnow is partly herbivorous and has a long gut and black-lined body cavity. It feeds in schools near the bottom where sediments accumulate on sandy substrates. High flows during the summer trigger spawning and the semi-bouyant eggs hatch as they are carried downstream where flow is more reliable. Few of these minnows live longer than 2 years. The Plains Minnow has small eyes, thin lips and grows to 5 inches but it otherwise relatively nondescript.

SPECIES PROTECTION AND CRITICAL HABITATS:

Plains Minnows are protected by the Kansas Nongame and Endangered Species Conservation Act and administrative regulations applicable thereto. Any time an eligible project is proposed that will impact the species’ preferred habitats within its probable range, the project sponsor must contact the Ecological Services Section, Kansas Department of Wildlife,Parks and Tourism, 512 SE 25th Ave., Pratt, Kansas 67124-8174. Department personnel can then advise the project sponsor on permit requirements.

DESIGNATED CRITICAL HABITATS

As defined by Kansas Administrative Regulations, critical habitats include those areas documented as currently supporting self-sustaining population(s) of any threatened or endangered species of wildlife as well as those areas determined by the Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism to be essential for the conservation of any threatened or endangered species of wildlife. Currently, the following areas are designated as critical habitat for the Plains Minnow:

Critical Habitat Counties:

The following counties contain critical habitat for PLAINS MINNOW:
Atchison
Barber
Clark
Clay
Cloud
Comanche
Cowley
Doniphan
Douglas
Ford
Geary
Gove
Grant
Haskell
Jefferson
Jewell
Johnson
Kingman
Leavenworth
Logan
Marion
Meade
Morton
Pottawatomie
Pratt
Republic
Riley
Sedgwick
Seward
Shawnee
Stevens
Sumner
Trego
Wabaunsee
Wallace
Wyandotte

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