Butterfly Planting

Plants attract butterflies for two reasons: because they provide nectar sources or because they are host plants for egg laying. Certain wildflowers, cultivated flowers, trees, shrubs, and vines are particularly attractive nectar sources and should make up most of the butterfly feature planting. Host plants may be included too. A drinking basin can be made using shallow sloping sides or a series of partially submerged flat rocks for perches.

 

BUTTERFLY NECTOR SOURCES  
Wildflowers  
asters bergamont
horsemint black-eyed Susan
blazing star boneset
brown-eyed Susan butterfly bush
common daylily tickseed sunflower
Western wallflower showy partridge pea
milkweeds butterfly milkweed
swamp milkweed New Jersey tea
phlox rose verbena
meadowsweet spearmint
coneflowers daisies
ox-eyed daisy  
Wilder Species  
common milkweed goldenrods
Joe-Pye weed dogbanes
ironweed nettles and thistles
Cultivated Flowers  
asters aubretia
calendula coneflowers
red clover daisies or
chrysanthemums thyme
yarrow zinnias
marigolds phlox
pink garden phlox sedum spectabile
golden alyssum honesty
hyssop  
Trees, Shrubs, and Vines  
black haw cranberry bush
blueberries farkelberries
blue spiraea buckeye
bush honeysuckle butterfly bush
clematis climbing
honeysuckle crabapple
gooseberry wild plum
hawthorn lilac
pear huckleberries
privet redbud
smooth sumac spice bush
spiraea viburnum
dewberry blackberry
fragrant sumac European